Healing Your Gut Foods to Include and Foods to Avoid

Healing Your Gut: Foods to Include and Foods to Avoid

Table of Contents

While the gut is primarily recognized for its role in digestion, its impact extends far beyond breaking down the foods we consume. The gut plays a fundamental role in influencing our overall health, affecting immune function, nutrient absorption, and even mental well-being.

The gut is home to trillions of microorganisms collectively known as the gut microbiota, which interact with the body in intricate ways. This dynamic ecosystem is not only responsible for digesting and absorbing nutrients but also plays a crucial role in regulating the immune system. Furthermore, recent studies have uncovered a significant link between the gut and the brain, emphasizing the impact of gut health on mental well-being.

By including gut-friendly foods and steering clear of those that may compromise your digestive health, this article will navigate through the basics of gut health, emphasizing its holistic significance for your overall well-being. 

Understanding the Gut Microbiota

Understanding the Gut Microbiota

The gut microbiota, often referred to as the "forgotten organ," constitutes a rich ecosystem of trillions of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and other microbes. This intricate community inhabits the digestive tract, particularly the colon, and plays a pivotal role in maintaining our health.

Importance of the Gut Microbiota:

  • Digestive Aid

These microorganisms actively contribute to the digestive process by breaking down complex carbohydrates and fibers that our body cannot digest on its own. This fermentation process produces short chain fatty acids (SCFAs), which serve as an energy source for the cells lining the colon.

  • Nutrient Production

Certain bacteria in the gut are essential for synthesizing vitamins, such as B vitamins and vitamin K, contributing to our overall nutrient absorption.

  • Immune System Support

The gut microbiota plays a crucial role in training and modulating the immune system. A balanced and diverse microbial community helps the immune system distinguish between friend and foe, reducing the risk of autoimmune reactions.

Factors Influencing Gut Microbiota:


  • Diet

The composition of the gut microbiota is strongly influenced by diet. A diet rich in fiber provides a source of nourishment for beneficial bacteria, promoting their growth and diversity.

  • Lifestyle

Lifestyle choices, including physical activity and sleep patterns, can impact the gut microbiota. Regular exercise, for instance, has been linked to a more diverse and resilient microbial community.

  • Stress

Chronic stress can alter the composition of the gut microbiota, favoring the growth of harmful bacteria and compromising the overall balance. Managing stress through relaxation techniques and mindfulness is crucial for maintaining a healthy gut.

Foods to Include for a Healthy Gut

High-fiber foods

Whole grains, fruits, and vegetables are not only delicious additions to your meals but are also essential for promoting a healthy gut environment. These foods are rich sources of dietary fiber, a key component that supports digestive health in various ways.

  • Whole Grains: Opt for whole grains like brown rice, quinoa, and oats. These grains contain bran, germ, and endosperm, providing a wholesome package of fiber, vitamins, and minerals.
  • Fruits and Vegetables: Load your plate with a colorful array of fruits and vegetables. These foods are not only high in fiber but also packed with antioxidants and phytochemicals that contribute to overall gut well-being.

Probiotic-rich foods

Introducing probiotic-rich foods into your diet is like inviting a diverse community of beneficial bacteria to set up camp in your gut. These microbes play a crucial role in supporting digestion and boosting your immune system.

  • Yogurt: Choose plain, unsweetened yogurt with live active cultures. Yogurt is a fantastic source of probiotics, including strains like Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium, which contribute to a balanced gut microbiome.
  • Fermented Foods: Kimchi and sauerkraut are fermented delights that not only add a burst of flavor to your meals but also deliver a hearty dose of probiotics. Fermentation enhances the availability of nutrients and promotes the growth of beneficial bacteria.

Prebiotic foods

Prebiotics act as the fuel for the good bacteria in your gut, helping them thrive and maintain a healthy balance. Including prebiotic-rich foods in your diet is like nourishing the garden of your gut microbiome.

  • Garlic: Besides adding a flavorful kick to your dishes, garlic contains fructans, a type of prebiotic that promotes the growth of beneficial bacteria in the gut.
  • Onions: Like garlic, onions are rich in prebiotics, specifically inulin, which serves as a food source for beneficial gut microbes.
  • Bananas: This easily portable and delicious fruit is not only a quick snack but also a source of prebiotics, particularly resistant starch, which supports the growth of beneficial bacteria in the colon.

Omega-3 fatty acids

Omega-3 fatty acids

Including omega-3 fatty acids in your diet is a smart move for both heart health and gut well-being. These essential fats contribute to a healthy gut lining and possess anti-inflammatory properties.

  • Fatty Fish: Salmon and mackerel are excellent sources of omega-3 fatty acids. These fats support the integrity of the gut lining and help reduce inflammation, contributing to a healthier digestive system.
  • Flaxseeds and Chia Seeds: Sprinkle flaxseeds or chia seeds onto your morning yogurt or blend them into smoothies. These seeds are rich in alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), a plant-based omega-3 fatty acid that promotes gut health.

By incorporating these high-fiber, probiotic-rich, prebiotic, and omega-3 fatty acid foods into your diet, you're not just eating for pleasure; you're nourishing your gut and laying the foundation for overall well-being.

Hydration and Gut Health

Importance of staying hydrated

Adequate water intake is a cornerstone of maintaining a healthy gut. Water plays a crucial role in supporting the mucosal lining of the intestines, contributing to the overall efficiency of the  digestive process.

  • Hydration and Digestion: Water helps in the breakdown of food particles, facilitating their movement through the digestive tract. This aids in the prevention of constipation, promoting regular bowel movements and preventing discomfort.
  • Nutrient Absorption: Proper hydration ensures the mucosal lining remains well-hydrated and lubricated. This is essential for optimal nutrient absorption, as a well-lubricated lining allows nutrients to be efficiently transported into the bloodstream.
  • Detoxification: Water is vital for the elimination of waste products from the body. It helps flush out toxins, preventing their accumulation in the gut and supporting the liver and kidneys in their detoxification processes.

How water supports the mucosal lining

How water supports the mucosal lining

The mucosal lining of the intestines acts as a protective barrier, and water plays a critical role in maintaining its integrity.

  • Lubrication and Smooth Passage: A well-hydrated mucosal lining acts as a lubricant, facilitating the smooth passage of food. This helps prevent irritation and inflammation, contributing to overall digestive comfort.
  • Prevention of Constipation: Insufficient water intake can lead to dehydration of the mucosal lining, potentially resulting in constipation. By staying adequately hydrated, you promote regular bowel movements and mitigate the risk of digestive issues.
  • Improved Absorption of Nutrients: The hydrated state of the mucosal lining enhances its absorptive capacity, allowing for more effective nutrient absorption. This is crucial for obtaining the vitamins, minerals, and other essential elements necessary for overall health.

Foods to Avoid for a Healthy Gut

Processed and Refined Foods

Highly processed and refined foods, including fast food, sugary snacks, and convenience meals, are often stripped of vital nutrients during processing. These foods may also contain additives, preservatives, and artificial colorings that disrupt the delicate balance of gut bacteria. Opt for whole, unprocessed foods to provide your gut with the nutrients it needs to thrive.

High-Sugar Foods and Artificial Sweeteners

The modern diet's excess of sugary foods and drinks, as well as the use of artificial sweeteners, can wreak havoc on the gut microbiota. High sugar intake promotes the growth of harmful bacteria like Clostridium difficile, while artificial sweeteners may alter the composition and function of gut microbes. Choose natural sweeteners in moderation, such as honey or maple syrup, and be mindful of hidden sugars in processed foods.

Saturated and Trans Fats

Foods rich in saturated and trans fats, such as fried foods, margarine, and commercially baked goods, contribute to inflammation and compromise the integrity of the gut lining. These fats can alter the composition of the gut microbiota, promoting the growth of pro-inflammatory bacteria. Opt for healthier fats like those found in avocados, nuts, and olive oil to support a gut-friendly diet.

Excessive Alcohol Consumption

Regular and excessive alcohol consumption can disrupt the balance of gut bacteria and compromise the gut barrier. This imbalance may lead to inflammation, intestinal permeability (leaky gut), and an increased susceptibility to digestive issues. If you choose to consume alcohol, do so in moderation and consider alternating with water to support hydration and mitigate potential negative effects.

Caffeine and Its Impact on Gut Health

While moderate caffeine intake is generally well-tolerated, excessive consumption can lead to increased gastric acid production. This excess acidity may irritate the gut lining, contributing to conditions like acid reflux and indigestion. Be mindful of your caffeine intake and consider opting for herbal teas or water as alternatives to support gut health without the potential drawbacks associated with excessive caffeine.

The Role of Stress in Gut Health

The Role of Stress in Gut Health

Stress can have a profound impact on the gut, disrupting the balance of the microbiota and affecting the functioning of the digestive system. The gut-brain axis illustrates the bidirectional communication between the brain and the gut, highlighting the influence of stress on gastrointestinal health.

Incorporating stress management techniques like mindfulness, meditation, and regular exercise can positively influence gut health. These practices help regulate the nervous system and create a more harmonious environment for the gut microbiota.

Gut Healing Herbs and Supplements

  • Aloe vera: Aloe vera has anti-inflammatory properties and may help soothe and heal the intestinal lining. It can be consumed as a juice or in supplement form to support digestive health.
  • Slippery elm: Slippery elm is known for its mucilage content, which forms a protective layer on the gut lining. It can be taken in various forms, such as teas or supplements, to alleviate symptoms of gastrointestinal discomfort.
  • Probiotic supplements: In addition to probiotic-rich foods, supplements can provide a concentrated source of beneficial bacteria, aiding in the restoration of a healthy gut microbiome. Consult with a healthcare professional for personalized recommendations.
  • Digestive enzymes: Digestive enzyme supplements can assist in breaking down nutrients and improving overall digestion, particularly for people with conditions like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or enzyme deficiencies.


A diet rich in high-fiber foods, probiotics, and prebiotics supports a diverse and thriving gut microbiota. Adequate hydration is essential for maintaining the mucosal lining of the intestines and promoting optimal digestion. Avoiding processed foods, excessive sugar, unhealthy fats, alcohol, and caffeine contributes to a healthier gut environment.

A diverse and balanced diet is crucial for supporting overall health, including the well-being of your gut. Incorporating a variety of nutrient-dense foods ensures you provide your body with the building blocks it needs for optimal function. Before you start yourself on a new diet, it is important to identify the foods your gut is intolerant to. At-home food intolerance test kits such as those made by Advance Food Intolerance Labs (AFIL) can be helpful to those wondering whether they are taking a gut-friendly diet.

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  2. Herron, John G. The gut health protocol: A nutritional approach to healing SIBO, intestinal candida, GERD, gastritis, and other gut health issues. Eagle Stock Publishing, 2016.
  3. Gates, Donna, and Linda Schatz. The body ecology diet: recovering your health and rebuilding your immunity. Hay House, Inc, 2011.
  4. Brock, Kale. The Gut Healing Protocol: An 8-Week Holistic Program to Rebalance Your Microbiome. Bradventures LLC, 2018.

Author: Dr. Sony S. | Panel Expert, Medical Doctor Dr. Sony is known for her medical articles, written with in-depth detail and accuracy owing to her vast medical knowledge and thorough research of each article. She completed her degree with multiple scholarships from Guangzhou Medical University and is a board-certified Clinical Doctor. She is currently working as a Medical Officer in the emergency department of a renowned hospital and continues to publish numerous medical papers and articles. Dr. Sony continues to lead the way in medical breakthroughs, unparalleled by her high level of detail, knowledge and passion for discovering new sciences and innovative healthcare treatments.

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